The civilization basically represents the common culture and the way of life of a particular group of people. Same goes for the Islamic civilization, which represents the common traits in the Muslim community across the globe but it differentiates heavily from other civilizations due is its formation on the basis of some unique characteristics that we are going to discuss in the sections below.
Formation on the basis of the Islamic faithOn the contrary to some other prominent civilizations of both the present and the past, the Islamic civilization is based on what has been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w) from Allah through his holy book, Quran. The civilizations of the past like Ghandara, Harappa, and Mohenjo-Daro were and the present western civilization is based on the concept of pure human intellectual mind whereas the Islamic concept of civilization is based on the concept of divine law but keeping the human reasoning and local cultures intact.
The poet of the East, Allama Iqbal, rounds up this whole discussion in two very simple lines.
“Don’t Judge your nation on the basis of western nations Distinct in the structure is the Hashmi’s nation”.
Universal civilizationIf we take a look at the other civilizations around us we come to know that even though how much distinguished, prominent and developed they are, almost all of them are confined to a very small community or a geographical area. For example, the Chinese civilization has been one of the most prominent in the past and is still at the peak of its intellectual and material development but is limited to the geographical boundaries of china or to the Chinese communities at the larger level.
Same is the case with the western civilization, which is the dominant uniting force of the European Union but is nowhere to be seen outside those boundaries. Islamic civilization, on the other hand, is not confined to any geographical boundary or a community. One can see a clear dominance of the Islamic civilization from Asia to Africa to Europe and even in other continents too through the huge Islamic diaspora living, working and studying in non-Muslim countries.
Balance between materialism and spiritualismThough as we said prior to this that the Islamic civilization is based on the concept of divine law but is nowhere unreasonable in its structure and composition. It maintains a very fine balance between the material and spiritual needs of the human. On one hand it attracts towards religious practices and rituals and on the other hand, it encourages a man to earn his living through legitimate means.
Some religions use to teach the abandonment of this material world to attain complete salvation but Islam never teaches so. Similarly, the western material mind only focuses on the worldly pleasures without any conscious of moral life. Islam teaches its followers to fulfill both the duties for which God has created him.
Conclusive in natureAlong with universality property, Islamic civilization is conclusive in nature. It never teaches racial, linguistic or cultural prejudices. This is evident from the wide racial backgrounds of the Muslim Ummah ranging from Morocco to Indonesia.
The Islamic civilization introduced its unique features in areas such as art, architecture, family values, music, and in other basic elements of human living.